Multinational Enterprises and Social Capital as Location Factor: A Review

Kurt Pedersen, Gunnar Lind Haase Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard Svendsen

Abstract


It is generally assumed that multinational enterprises (MNEs) are more volatile than local firms. From the viewpoint of host countries, the volatility of MNE subsidiaries is often seen as a problem. Therefore it becomes relevant to look for ways to reduce the volatility of multinational activity across borders. We review the literature and identify a gap regarding social capital as a potential instrument for reducing the level of volatility. An existing stock of social capital may be advantageous not only to the host country but also to the MNE in the sense that optimal in-company resource allocation and profits could be improved even further. Thus, the dominating theory of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment), the eclectic paradigm as developed by John Dunning, offers a relevant opportunity to fill a gap in the literature and include social capital in FDI decisions as a new location factor.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5430/bmr.v2n3p81

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Business and Management Research
ISSN 1927-6001 (Print)   ISSN 1927-601X (Online)

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