Corporate Governance, Ownership Structure and Stock Market Liquidity in Saudi Arabia: A Conceptual Research Framework

Abdulaziz Mohammed Alsahlawi, Mohammed Abdullah Ammer


This paper aimed to provide a review of the literature concerning the effects of corporate governance and ownership structure on the devices of market microstructure. It provided a clear overview of empirical archival studies in literature regarding the way corporate governance and ownership structure mechanisms influence market liquidity, with focusing on the Saudi institutional setting. It aimed to pinpoint the differences and similarities in empirical outcomes of studies and determine the areas that call for further exploration. On the basis of the thorough review of literature and the theoretical basis, our study proposed a conceptual research framework. The framework is based on the premise that effective corporate governance can lead to enhanced disclosure quality, which in turn, lead to mitigating the information asymmetry and ultimately, enhanced market liquidity. Although theoretical studies argued the presence of the relationship between corporate governance, ownership and liquidity, we find that outcomes from empirical studies are still mixed. Majority of extant studies, with majority in the context of the U.S. firms, provide ambiguous results, making it challenging to reconcile the differences among them. Our paper provides important guidance for both new and experienced researchers, and it has implications for stock exchange authorities in terms of adopting effective regulatory policies and efficient trading systems to tackle information asymmetry.

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Accounting and Finance Research
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