Stock Market Liquidity: Financially Constrained Firms and Share Repurchase

Hazel Thu-Hien Nguyen


Stock illiquidity raises the cost of share ownership to outside investors and increases firms’ cost of capital. This study substantiates that shares of financially constrained firms are significantly more illiquid than shares of similar but financially unconstrained firms. Acting as buyers of last resort for their own shares, share repurchases by financially constrained firms enhance stock liquidity, which alleviates the cost of external financing and underinvestment. Increased stock liquidity improves information efficiency, inducing higher value-added from incremental capital investments. Further, higher stock liquidity lowers stock volatility and allows financially constrained firms to issue equity.

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Accounting and Finance Research
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