An Empirical Risk and Return Analysis of Select Stocks in NASDAQ 100

Arindam Banerjee


Stock market indices are considered to be a powerful economic indicator. These indices can be classified based on the methodology of weight allocation for each stock and the rules governing the entry, retention and exit criteria of various stocks in the index. This paper presents a descriptive and an exploratory analysis carried out on the daily returns data of NASDAQ 100 (^NDX) index and shortlist of 20 stocks in the index. Random sampling was conducted at the sector level strata of all stocks that make up the index. This approach was followed to avoid selection bias and that stocks from the varied sectors are represented equally for this analysis. R-squared values and correlation coefficients were used to determine the explain-ability and relationship between the stock returns and the index returns respectively. The paper applied descriptive univariate analysis on daily returns at an individual stock level and at an aggregated sector level. Inter-relationship between stocks and the index returns was carried out by computing Pearson’s correlation coefficient across the different combinations of stocks and index return values. Linear regression was carried out identify the explain ability of the variance in the returns of from the index to the returns from the stocks. All analysis was carried out using the python and the stats-models library. As anticipated, the returns of randomly picked 20 stocks were able to explain ~85 % of the variance of the returns of index. One of the primary focus of the paper was to explore whether NASDAQ-100 index can explain the variability of the technology stocks relatively more than the stocks that belong to other sectors in its portfolio owing to the nature of most stocks that make up the index.

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Accounting and Finance Research
ISSN 1927-5986 (Print)   ISSN 1927-5994 (Online) Email:

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