Firm Attributes and Corporate Tax Aggressiveness: A Comparative Study of Nigeria and South Africa Banks

John Obiora Anyaduba, Ivie Ologhosa Ogbeide


The aim of this paper is to investigate the link between firm attributes and tax aggressiveness in Nigeria and South Africa. A comparative analysis was carried out on the variables of firm size, age, profitability, leverage, liquidity, complexity, foreign ownership and tax aggressiveness on banks in Nigeria and South Africa. The study employed the longitudinal research design and took a comparative analysis approach. The population consists of the 13 listed commercial banks quoted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange and the 16 local commercial banks listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. The time frame for the study was from 2012-2020. Data collated was analysed using the techniques of descriptive statistic, correlation and panel data regression technique while MAPE and Theil’s inequality coefficient were used in evaluating the forecast abilities of the models. Two alternative measures of tax aggressiveness (GAAP-ETR and D_BTD) were adopted as dependent variables. The panel data collected was analysed. The result of the Nigerian model (using the D_BTD measure) showed that firm size and firm complexity both have a significant positive relationship with tax aggressiveness while firm age and profitability asserted significant negative impacts on tax aggressiveness. The outcome of the South Africa model (using the GAAP-ETR measure) showed that firm age and profitability have a significant negative relationship with tax aggressiveness while firm size and liquidity have significant positive relationships with tax aggressiveness. The study recommends, that regulatory bodies and tax authorities should beam their searchlight on tax saving strategies of small size companies with a view to effectively monitoring their aggressive tax avoidance schemes.

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 John Obiora Anyaduba, Ivie Ologhosa Ogbeide

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Accounting and Finance Research
ISSN 1927-5986 (Print)   ISSN 1927-5994 (Online) Email:

Copyright © Sciedu Press

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.