Peritonea-vaginal canal pathologies at Regional Hospital Center of Lomé-Commune (Togo): Epidemiological, anatomoclinical and therapeutic aspects

Simlawo Kpatékana, Tchangaï B, Kanassoua K, Boumé MA, Sakye A, Sambiani DM, Dosseh ED, Songné B


Objective: To describe epidemiological, anatomo-clinical and therapeutic aspects of peritoneo-vaginal canal pathologies (PVCP).
Methods: We performed a retrospective and descriptive study on the files of PVCP cases operated in Lomé-Commune Regional Hospital (Togo). The study data concerned: the age, the occuring mode, anatomo-clinical classification, the side and treatment outcomes.
Results: 107 files were collected from January 2011 to December 2015. The average age was 9.2 ± 8 years with a range from 16 months to 47 years. Twelve patients were less than 2 years and 14 patients were adults. The main consultation motive was an intermittent and painless inguinal or inguino-scrotal swelling in 89 cases (83.18%). The PVCP was in the right side in 66 patients (61.68%) and bilateral in 8 patients (7.47%). Concerning anatomo-clinical types, inguinal or inguino-scrotal hernia were more frequent (62.6%). The treatment was surgical in all cases and the average hospital stay was 2.1 days. The operative follow up was satisfactory in 94.3%. However, we noticed 4 cases of scrotal hematoma and 2 cases of parietal suppuration. The mortality rate after surgery was zero. One year back, we noticed two cases of testicular atrophy.
Conclusions: Pathologies of the peritoneo-vaginal canal are frequent in our urological practice. Inguinal hernia and inguinoscrotal hernia are more represented. The surgical treatment results are successful.

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Case Studies in Surgery  ISSN 2377-7311(Print)  ISSN 2377-732X(Online)

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